Ethics of Information Communication Technology (Ict)

27618 Words Mar 15th, 2013 111 Pages
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ETHICS OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)

Paper prepared by Tengku Mohd T. Sembok, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for the Regional Meeting on Ethics of Science and Technology 5-7 November 2003, Bangkok

UNESCO Regional Unit for Social & Human Sciences in Asia and the Pacific (RUSHSAP)

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ETHICS OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)

1. INTRODUCTION
Globalization and digital convergence in the emerging knowledge society has raised complex ethical, legal and societal issues. We are faced with complex and difficult questions regarding the freedom of expression, access to information, the right to privacy, intellectual property rights, and cultural diversity. ICT is an instrumental need of all humans for the
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Based on the findings, recommendations for action will be highlighted as programmes towards combating the negative aspects of the use of ICT, and towards achieving the positive results of embracing ICT culture in everyday life. 1.1 Overview Information technology is impacting all walks of life all over the world. ICT developments have made possible a transition in information storage, processing, and dissemination, from paper to virtual and from atoms to bits, which are now setting new standards of speed, efficiency, and accuracy in human activities. Computerized databases are extensively used to store all sorts of confidential data of political, social, economic or personal nature to support human activities and bringing various benefits to the society. However, the rapid development of ICT globally also has led to the growth of new forms of national and transnational crimes. These crimes have virtually no boundaries and may affect any country across the globe. Thus, there is a need for awareness, policy formation, and enactment of necessary legislation in all countries for the prevention of computer related crime. Globally, internet and

243 computer-based commerce and communications cut across territorial boundaries, thereby creating a new realm of human activities, and undermining the feasibility and legitimacy of applying laws based on