Ethnic Cleansing in Sudan Essay

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Ethnic Cleansing in Sudan

The government of Sudan is responsible for 'ethnic cleansing' and crimes against humanity in Darfur, which is located on Sudan's western border with Chad (. The Sudanese government, along with the Arab 'Janjaweed' militias they arm and support, have attacked the civilians of the African Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups. These attacks involved massacres, summary executions of civilians, burnings of towns and villages, and the forceful depopulation of Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa land. The militia, Muslim like the African groups, have destroyed many religious artifacts including the desecrated Qorans that belong to their enemies (Human Rights Watch, 2004, p. 5).

The Sudanese government is breaching at
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The outcomes of this mission will not be known for a period of time but it is reported on the 17th of May ?a WFP hired truck driver was robbed, beaten and subsequently hospitalized? (UN estimates?, 2004, para. 6) and ?internally displaced persons (IDPs) who accept food aid (from WFP) were subject to Janjaweed militia predatory attacks?. (UN estimates?, 2004, para. 9) Although expected, these actions show that there is still a long way to go before there is peace.

An immediate ceasefire between the two groups would prevent any further breaches of Article 3 of the UDHR. The Sudanese government and Janjaweed militia must stop the ethnic cleansing in Darfur. The UN mission stationed there must then assess the safety of the civilians. If civilian safety is at risk, UN member states should look into providing military assistance.

The Janjaweed militia must be stopped for there to be an end to breaches of Article 5 of the UDHR. There are one million IDPs in various camps and settlements in Darfur and most are partly controlled by the Janjaweed (UN estimates?, 2004, para. 3). If the Janjaweed are still armed and dangerous - the civilians at these camps will still be abused. There are two ways the Janjaweed can be stopped: by overwhelming them militaristically or cutting the Sudanese government funding and support. The latter option would probably result in the fewest loss of lives. This option, however, would only work if both the UN and the people of

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