Race and ethnicity are terms that are commonly mistaken for one another every day. According to sociologists and authors, Markus and Moya, race is a “dynamic set of historically derived and institutionalized ideas and practices that group certain people according to physical and behavioral human characteristics that are negative and shared.” Race was developed on a social context due to the fact that the dominant cultures labeled people with darker skin tones as different and inferior. Ethnicity is a “group of ideas and practices that allows people to identify with groups of people on the basis of presumed, and usually claimed commonalities” (Markus and Moya 2010: p.22) Country of origin, language, and physical characteristics are some
There are times in which a person's ethnicity could conflict with their nationality, such as when as the population of a nation racially abuses a certain ethnic group. The terrorist attacks on Paris have led to hate crimes against Muslims in America. This racism contributes to the decomposition of Muslim nationality in America and elsewhere in the world.
America was made up of power value, creating a barrier that indicates other races to be more superior then the other. People are divided into different races based on their genetic background. Social collaboration is what comes of such a divided racial community. Society has been tainted and brainwashed to believe people are defined by the color of their skin, which cause separation and borders to be created. Ethnicity and race are both socially constructed. Ethnicity has entities of race, however, it has more of a broad arena, ethnicity is made up of religion, nationality, heritage, and cultural practices. One racial group can contain a plethora of ethnicities.
Race is a way to categorize people with similarly perceived biological characteristics into one labeled group. However, race has no biological standing, as race highly “depends on our social location [and] on who is doing the [classification]” (Henslin, 2015, p. 266). Ethnicity averts from race in that ethnicity exemplifies the ancestry and cultural heritage in which one affiliates themselves with. A “sense of belonging may center on their nation or region of origin, distinctive foods, clothing, language, music, religion, or family names and relationships” (Henslin, 2015, p. 266). Both race and ethnicity are exceedingly interchanged with one another even though the terms have different meanings. A great example of this misinterpretation of race and ethnicity is the Jewish “race.” “Jews […] are more properly considered an ethnic group, since it is their cultural characteristics, especially their religion, that bind them together” (Henslin, 2015, p. 266-267). Despite the fact that race and ethnicity are distinctive ideas, they do come together in the way of identifying one group from another; whether it be by characteristics or cultural heritage. Race and ethnicity are also similar in that a person can identify with multiple ethnicities or races; as they may have two parents from different cultures. Albeit, race and ethnicity are related in ways, but they still
Race and Ethnicity are integral parts of America. They are often used interchangeably. Race is associated with biology. It is a socially and politically constructed category of individuals who are assumed to share common inborn biological traits, such as bone structure, hair type, skin, or eye color. These distinctions have been used to the detriment or advantage of American groups over time. Whereas ethnicity is associated with culture factors. It is often tied to nationality of origin and characterized by a person’s ethnic traits, customs, and/or associations. Race and ethnicity in some ways go hand in hand and in other ways differ. Although the similarities are not quite the same they still have the same concept. Today’s society plays a huge role in defining these terms.
Nationalism has always been around, but it made its first real debut in early 1800’s Europe. Many countries at this time were striving to become independent, and get out from under the larger countries’
Some of the similarities between the two terms are that by definition, they are a categorized group of a population. They are similarly significant in the sense that both terms share characteristic traits. In addition, "ethnicity" and "race" share genealogy. Contrarily, the two terms are different because ethnicities are categorized on the basis of a real or presumed common genealogy or ancestry, while races are classified on the basis of various sets of physical characteristics. In other words, ethnicity is determined by your ancestors and family tree. Race is decided based on physical characteristics such as eyes, nose structure, ears, body type, etc. Two examples that I would consider a race to be are African Americans and Whites. Two examples
This chapter focuses on the topics of race and ethnicity. It discusses the difference between race versus ethnicity and prejudice versus discrimination, and how race is a social construct. Race is defined by the racial makeup you were born with; i.e. Mexican, Asian, Caucasian, Native American, African American, etc. This is based on physical attributes like hair type, color of skin, shape of eyes and other attributes. Ethnicity is the shared characteristics people register with, such as religion, language and culture. For example, when people live in less fortunate neighborhoods, they would be more likely to register as “hood” than someone living in a higher end neighborhood.
James M. Henslin defines race as “a group of people with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group” (2014). Meanwhile, ethnicity “refers to cultural characteristics” (Henslin, 2014). The difference mostly relies in a similar argument to the classic nature versus nurture argument. Race is what a person genetically inherits. Whether it may be skin tone or anatomical features, they are dictated by something outside of a person’s personal preference. An example of race is that a person could be caucasian or latino. They do not get to choose, they are simply given the traits of that race through their bloodline.
According to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk “Authority, without any condition and reservation, belongs to the nation.” (Abinader). Nevertheless, many individuals around the world fail to understand the real meaning of a nation in the 21st century. According to the Oxford dictionary, a nation is a large body of people brought together by uniting factors which include descent, history, culture, or language. However, this definition has changed over time, especially due to onslaught of ethnic and minority conflicts in addition to economic sovereignty. As a result, more nations in the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, Latin America and Europe are undergoing significant changes thus leading to the emergence of new nations. This issue has been discussed in Michael Goldfarb’s article What Is a Nation in the 21st Century? Through a comprehensive analysis of his article the real meaning of a nation in the 21st century is revealed.
Many circumstances oblige people to move from their native country to a foreign one. From this movement of migration have emerged many ethnic groups. An ethnic group is a restraint number of persons living in a larger society and sharing the same distinct cultural heritage. Some people tend to bury their habits and accommodate to the new way of life. However others hold on to their identity and try to identify their race and maintain it. This enriches societies and makes them multi-racial. Therefore, every ethnic group is essential to complete the mosaic. Although they are sometimes threatened, minorities must fight to preserve their principles. Why must they fight? Because racial identification has many positive impacts on the members.
Nationalism can be traced to the nineteenth century, European peoples came to identify strongly with communities they called nations. Members of a nation considered themselves a distinctive people that spoke a common language, observed common customs, inherited common cultural conditions, held common values, and shared common
Our lives are shaped by who we are and what we are and where we come from. What race or ethnic group we belong to determines our life chances in contemporary society. Ethnicity is the cultural background of a group of people who share a belief in common ancestry. According to Max Weber, ethnic groups are formed by colonisation and immigration. Ethnicity is something we all have but in Australia and in many parts of the world, ethnicity is often applied on minority groups to highlight dominant groups of people on the bases of physical appearance, race, origins or culture. Being part of a dominant group provides prestige, power and control over the running of societies. The term ethnic comes from ancient Greek to mean gentile or non
While the terms nation and state are often used synonymously, they have very different denotations. A nation can be defined as a geographical location where the inhabits share cultural similarities and have a sense of nationalism for where they are from. The term nation is used to describe culturally identity and attachment to a certain state. The term state serves more of a politically and governmental meaning because it labels a particular location as sovereign, giving the areas within the defined borders power over what goes on within those borders. When combining the cultural and political aspects of a particular location defined by specific borders, the term nation-state is used to depict an area such as the United Kingdom in which there are individual states, but they have cultural variances such as language and customs. Keeping with the example of the UK, we witnessed last year when Scotland, one of the states included in the UK, tried to succeed from the parliamentary sovereignty and become its own sovereign nation in order to preserve its cultural identity.