In the U.S., the term “race” has different connotation compared to other countries like Brazil. As the book Culture defines it- in Chapter 11: Ethnicity and Race- a race is nothing more than a biologically related ethnic group. Often, the tendency of North American society to rely on hypodescent, leads to stress and lack of self-identity. As a matter of fact, the book describes hypodescent as the arbitrary classification of interracial children as a member of the least privileged ethnic group to which either of their parents corresponds. Besides, in today’s world U.S. population has become increasing diversified. Diversity has led to racial tension between different groups. Latinos is one general term given to people who speak a Latin-derived language (this includes South American
Most of the information in this report has been sourced from the secondary data of the St. Clair College library sources and from the website www.therichest.com. Other references are taken from Canadian Ethnic Studies, International Migration, Journal of Population Economics.
According to the overview notes, race and ethnicity are different terms often used interchangeably. Ethnicity describes a group with a common culture, language, and physical characteristics. Race refers to a social construct based on culture and it is not biological according to Module 2 powerpoint. In addition, humans share 99.9% similarity and the differences lie in “cultural creations” according to the overview notes. Both terms are used in everyday life. For example, people are required to identify themselves according to their race or ethnicity, with the terms being used interchangeably like the DMV. It is important to understand that the two terms are different. Ethnicity can be learned according to the overview notes. Babies can learn
Race refers to the categorization of people based on physical characteristics passed down from previous generations. (Genetic ancestry.) Conversely, ethnicity refers to the shared cultural or historical identification of a group of people based on their ancestry. Prior to reading this chapter, I held the common belief that race and ethnicity were interchangeable: they meant the same thing. Besides the most obvious thing (learning the difference between race and ethnicity), I was aware of most of the information in this chapter. After reading it however, I was able to gain a more in-depth understanding of each individual
The report on “THE CURRENT STATE OF MULTICULTURALISM IN CANADA AND RESEARCH THEMES ON CANADIAN MULTICULTURALISM 2008–2010” prepared by Citizenship and Immigration Canada cites information from polls conducted by Environomics for Focus Canada (a leader in analytics in Canada). It states, “In a study conducted in 2003, support for multiculturalism among Canadians has increased over seven years: 85% of Canadians agreed that multiculturalism was important to Canadian identity in 2003, compared to 74% in 1997” (http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/pub/multi-state.pdf, pg 7 paragraph 5). This research would indicate a national movement towards embedding multiculturalism in Canadian culture. It would also indicate that although there are a majority of Canadians who support multiculturalism; there is still a group, roughly half a million people, who either do not care about multiculturalism or worse, who are opposed to the concept. Advocates of Canada’s multicultural identity cite census figures, including those from the 2001 census, which state that of the approximately two million immigrants arriving in Canada between 1991 and 2001, “58 percent were from Asia, 20 percent from Europe, 11 percent from the Caribbean, Central and South America, eight percent from Africa and three percent from the United States.” These figures show a
Race and Ethnicity both relates to biological and sociological factors respectively and even though they can overlap, they are distinct. The term race refers to the concept of dividing people into populations or groups on the basis of various sets of physical characteristics (which usually result from genetic ancestry). Race presumes shared biological or genetic traits, whether actual or asserted and the category to which others assign individuals on the basis of physical characteristics. Races are assumed to be distinguished by skin color, eye color or hair type. However, the scientific studies based on racial distinctions shows that racial genetic differences are very weak except in skin color.
Canada has become a diverse country by the steady flow of individuals from all over the world migrating to North America, now the country has inhabitants who speak over 60 Aboriginal languages, from the Algonquin Cree to the Inuit Inuktikut, which is a representation of Canada's melting-pot demographic (Turkel, 2015). Canada is made up of ten provinces and three territories which is evident in the country’s historical background. The full breakdown of Canada’s language diversity is: Aboriginal, Polish, Arabic, Portuguese, Chinese, Romanian, German, Russian, Greek, Spanish, Gujarati, Tagalog, Italian, Ukrainian, Korean, Urdu, Vietnamese, Punjabi, Yiddish and small percentage of other languages (Turkel, 2015). Since Canada is so diverse, Starbucks
Within the age of reformations and new conceptual understandings, the idea that we had derived our politics and everyday life by a determined race is ludacris. Everyone had believed that our time of racism and Racial Profiling had been a memory of the past; however, the usage of Racial and Ethnic Formation was still being utilized due to its simplicity from the countless years of usage. Until the turn of the 21st century, the Judicial branch had used a 1970 state law against a woman who had been classified as “black”, and this had “declared anyone with at least 1/32nd ‘Negro blood’ to be black”(285). To see that one case within millions had been determined by past racism has a more problematic derivative than just being racist; in context,
There were many Indochinese societies, but all of them did not undergo reconstruction of the French. The most cultural changes occurred in the Vietnamese society, but the Khmer and Lao societies remained traditional to their political and religious beliefs. There were some cultural groups that remained unknown to the French such as the Montagnards. The Montagnards were highlanders that lived in the central and northern hemisphere. Catholic missionaries and official officers of the army had direct encounters with the Montagnards. Jean-Baptiste Guerlach was one of the many Catholic missionaries, to have direct contact with the Montagnards and the report them to the French from the years of 1882 - 1912.
“The term culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) is commonly used to describe people who have a cultural heritage different from that of the majority of people from the dominant Anglo-Australian culture.” (childsafety 2010)
French and English are the two official languages, with 60% of Canadians speaking English, and 23% speaking French. The remaining 17% speak a variety of other languages. There are also a variety of religions in Canada, with Christianity being the most followed one, making up 72% of Canada’s religions. 16% of Canada professes to have no religion. The remaining percentage contains other religions, such as Islam and Hinduism (Choquette 375). Canada is home to many aboriginal groups as well, such as the Inuits, Iroquois, and the Algonquin
First of all a minority group is a group of people defined by ethnicity, religion, gender, age, disable people, and political minorities. Who exist side by side to the dominant or majority group but have unequal treat and less power over their lives. The ethnic minority group have different language, style of life, race, different cultural tradition that makes them stand out from the rest. The religious group is within our own society it does not have to be necessarily from a different country, they are a group of people with a strong believe in their religion. Sometimes they are such strong believer or their religion that want everyone else believe in the same thing they do. The gender group we still see it in our society, they are a group
Due to its violent history, Cambodia has a unique blend of ethnicities. The majority of the population is Khmer, with minorities such as Vietnamese, Cham, and Chinese, with Vietnamese being the largest. Many Khmer from south Vietnam, called Khmer Kraom, which includes young men who come as Buddhist monks. The Cham, who are predominantly Muslim, usually live in riverfront communities, and live off of fishing, small businesses, and livestock. The Chinese population generally have a better relation with the other cultures in Cambodia, with much more intermarriage between them and Khmer and Vietnamese. Other culture in Cambodia have historically clashed, with the Cham and Khmer having religious
While reading about ethnic minorities, I made many observations about the group as a whole as well as each separate ethnicity. One observation I made is that according to the figure on page 63 in the textbook, African Americans have the lowest median income as of 2014. The African American population has dealt with poverty for so long and the level of poverty continues to rise. This has lead to an increase in dependence on social welfare programs in the African American community. Due to the massive amount of environmental stressors, the health of African Americans is being greatly impacted. Life expectancy is much lower. As the author writes, “In 2014, black males had a life expectancy of 71.8 years compared to 76.5 years for white males” (p.65). Another important observation is that the lives and history of American Indians have and always will be changed because of White settlers. Because of the ongoing turmoil, deprivation, and displacement that American Indians faced, reports of poverty, drug and alcohol abuse, and health problems are the most prevalent in this group. According to the text, “In 2004, American Indians were 770 percent more likely to die from alcoholism, 420 percent more likely to die from diabetes…” (p.68). My last observation that is the most prevalent to today’s time and especially in California is the massive influx of immigrants. While reading I observed that the largest group of immigrants that come to the United States is from Asia at 41% (p.70).
After reading the ethnic and racial differences chapter, what stood out for me was how much ethnicity and culture could negatively affect a student’s academic life. It is important to treat those of different ethnicities, races and cultures the same as you would treat anyone else, including yourself.