Essay about Ethnic Minority Prisoners in Britain

2981 Words 12 Pages
Prison can be a daunting and psychological challenge for anyone. Experiences can have lifelong effects and can often traumatise those incarcerated. However the experience minority ethnic prisoners face can be deemed diverse. They can become victims of discrimination, racism violence and harassment all on the basis of their race, skin colour, or nationality. Scott and Codd (2010, P. 70) note that ‘prisoners from certain believed culturally or biologically determined ‘racial groups’ are understood as being genetically, intellectually or socially inferior beings, thus contributing to their own poverty of life experiences and criminal identity'. Scott and Codd (2010) state that ‘the prison place racism is a key dimension of the expression …show more content…
He identifies what is believed are the four main types of racial incidents within prisons. The first he puts forward as a ‘blatant or malicious act or decision’. The components of this approach include the use of racist language, physical abuse, harassment and abuse of power (Edgar 2007, P.72) Edgar (2007) cited research by Edgar and Martin (2004) in which he argued that blatant discrimination is relatively rare. He put forward that only 16 per cent of a certain prison said they had been subject to this kind of racism from a prison officer. Wilson and Moore (2003 cited in Scott and Codd 2010) identified the significance of blatant and direct racism in prison, and the use of violent control over young black male prisoners’. Wilson and Moore quoted some prisoners thoughts, For example
“I’ve been called a chimp before. I was also called golliwog by one of these officers. [But] I ended up getting in trouble for that, and I was put on adjudication”.
“One of the officers said to me, you’re a piece of shit. When I wipe my arse it looks like you”.
(Wilson and Moore 2003 cited in Scott and Codd 2010).
Edgar (2007) put forward that the second type of racism is ‘direct racial discrimination’. This term involves ‘decisions being made which are racially biased, disadvantaging either individuals or as a group’ (Edgar 2007, P.73). Edgar noted that this involves the
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