Ethological Theory of Attachment: The Development of Emotion in Children

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How Ethological Theory of Attachment Helps in Understanding the Development of Emotion in Children from Adversity? Introduction Attachment theory has been jointly worked out by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. In presenting this theory, both of them have drawn out ideas from the fields of ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts. However, John Bowlby is the chief contributor who has originated the essential tenets of the theory. Thus, he has revolutionized the thinking of general public regarding the child-mother bond and its interruption due to interference factors like bereavement, deprivation, dispossession, grief and separation (Bretherton, 1992). The pioneering methodology put forwarded by Mary Ainsworth not only paved way for empirical testing various ideas of Bowlby but it also helped in expanding the Ethological Theory of Attachment. Other than that, the innovative methodology of Ainsworth is now responsible for the new directions this theory is taking. Ainsworth has been successful in contributing the concept of the attachment figure as a sheltered foundation with the support of which an infant becomes able to explore the world. Moreover, she has also created the notion of maternal sensitivity to infant signals and the role of this sensitivity in further nurturing the infant-mother attachment patterns (Bretherton, 1992). John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth and Attachment Theory John Bowlby, the British
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