Eu Integration Theories-Neofunctionalism

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EU Integration Theories:Neo-Functionalism

“Any comprehensive theory of integration should potentially be a theory of disintegration.” (Schmitter, 2002: 4) Introduction
Neo-functionalism, as the first integration theory of EU to form a regional cooperation, is a theory of collective security and collective development but there was a compromise, a negative side: interdependence; sometimes `excessively´ to a supranational authority and the risk of by-passing of nation state. The balance of the scale was rather sensitive and it was both supported and rejected by many passionately.
This paper tries to find an answer to the question “What is the significance of the neo-functionalist theory for integration process of the EU and what
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” (Henig, 1997:12)
For Haas, political integration is “the process whereby political actors in several distinct national settings are persuaded to shift their loyalties, expectations, and political activities toward a new centre, whose institutions possess or demand jurisdiction over the pre-existing national states” (Haas 1958,16).
According to neo-functionalist thinking “the fundamental idea was that international relations shouldn`t be seen as a zero sum game, and that everybody wins when countries become involved in processes of economic and political integration” (Stroby-Jensen in Cini, 2007:84). The main reason for this arguments is one of the key concepts of neo-functionalism, namely spillover, which will be substantiated in the next part. 2. Main concepts of Neo-functionalist theory
The Spillover thesis
Neo-functionalist theory assumes that cooperation in a certain area triggers cooperation in several other areas areas (sometimes not previously planned ones) to achieve a through integration in the original area and creates new political goals (Stroby-Jensen in Cini, 2007:84). According Neo-functionalism the logic of spillover is central to explain the expansive logic of European integration and in this part three main types of spill over will be briefly identified to understand this expansive logic with a closer view.
The first type of spill over is the
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