Eu Law Essay

3021 Words Nov 16th, 2011 13 Pages
The Treaty of Lisbon (ToL) was signed by twenty-seven member states (MS) on 13th December 2007 and entered into force on 1st December 2009 ending several years of negotiation about institutional issues. Below we will look at how the ToL has reformed the European Union (EU). The changes introduced by the ToL lie predominantly in the areas of constitutional and institutional reform. However, institutional change is the key driver behind the ToL. We will look at how the ToL has brought about these changes.

Initially the ToL was named the "Reform Treaty" however as Portugal held presidency at the time they were keen to attach their name to it hence the reason it was called the Treaty of Lisbon. The aim of the ToL was to:

“to complete
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By replacing the EC the three pillar structure which was introduced by the Treaty of Maastricht and which characterised the EC was abolished by the ToL. The three pillars together constituted the EC however the ToL abolishes the three pillar structure and instead the EU will only be one title. Prior to the ToL coming into force the EC and the EU had different statutes and did not operate the same decision-making rules. The ToL will end this dual system and the EU will have its own legal personality. This will allow the EU to act more effectively, coherently and credibly in its relations with the rest of the world.

The institutional framework of the EU has been significantly altered. The need for transparency, better democratic accountability and enhanced judicial scrutiny has led to some important improvements in the EU’s institutional make-up. There are now seven EU institutions which are listed in Article 13 of the TEU. These are : the European Parliament; the European Council; the Council; the European Commission; the Court of Justice of the European Union (formerly the ECJ); the European Central Bank; and the European Court of Auditors.

The European Parliament (EP) is the one that has changed the most over the years. The EP was originally set up by the Treaty of Rome as the European Assembly. The European Assembly changed name to the EP when the Single European Act came into force. When it was first set up it comprised of
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