Eu, Nafta, Asean

12786 Words Sep 11th, 2012 52 Pages
European Union
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"EU" redirects here. For other uses, see EU (disambiguation). European Union[show] | | Flag | | Motto: United in diversity[1][2][3] | Anthem: Ode to Joy | Anthem of the European UnionOde to Joy[2] (orchestral) | | | Political centres | Brussels
Strasbourg | Official languages | 23[show] | Demonym | European[4] | Member States | 27[show] | Leaders | - | President of the Council | Herman Van Rompuy(EPP) | - | President of the Commission | José Manuel Barroso(EPP) | - | Speaker of the Parliament | Martin Schulz (S&D) | - | Presidency of the Council of the Union | Demetris
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After World War II, moves towards European integration were seen by many as an escape from the extreme forms of nationalism that had devastated the continent. One such attempt to unite Europeans was the European Coal and Steel Community, which was declared to be "a first step in the federation of Europe", starting with the aim of eliminating the possibility of further wars between its member states by means of pooling the national heavy industries. The founding members of the Community wereBelgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany. The originators and supporters of the Community include Jean Monnet, Robert Schuman,Paul-Henri Spaak, and Alcide De Gasperi.
In 1957, the six countries signed the Treaty of Rome, which extended the earlier cooperation within the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and created theEuropean Economic Community, (EEC) establishing a customs union. They also signed another treaty on the same day creating the European Atomic Energy Community(Euratom) for cooperation in developing nuclear energy. Both treaties came into force in 1958.

The EEC and Euratom were created separately from ECSC, although they shared the same courts and
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