Eukaryotic Vs. Eukaryotic Cells

1645 Words Jan 27th, 2015 7 Pages
Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
There are only two types of cell in the world, these are eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. They are both similar and different in many ways, for example prokaryotes are only a few micrometres in size whereas eukaryotes are between 5-100 micrometres and nearly 10,000 times the volume of that of a prokaryote. A chemical similarity between the two is that they both either contain or use proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids to store or create energy. Both eukaryotes and prokaryotes are able to be divided into further subcategories, eukaryotes can be either animal or plant cells, and prokaryotes can be classified based on the composition of their cell wall, for example bacteria. In this essay I will also go on to talk about why prokaryotic cells still exist in the microscopic world even though eukaryotes are so much more advanced.
Eukaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells make up many different living organisms, all animals and plants are made up of these cells. They have a much more complex structure and can thus carry out many more complicated functions than prokaryotic cells can. They are usually around 5-100μm in size which allows them to contain many organelles, which for cells with specific functions, such as plant leaf cells, they are able to contain many more chloroplasts. They divide via mitosis or meiosis, where mitosis produces two new identical nuclei, and meiosis is when the cells split to produce two new cells with half the number of…
Open Document