Europe Witnessed Revolutions Essay

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Through out the course of the 19th century, Europe witnessed revolutions, radical political changes, and industrial advancements, which had an impact on shaping the art and culture of this time. By examining literature, art, and cultural changes of the 19th century, historians can provide a different perspective of the events that took place. At the start of the 19th century, Napoleon was defeated along with his militaristic agenda, and Europe now entered many new phases of social reform. Industrialization had slowly provided much of Europe a new means of production and architecture. Artwork during this era reflected the new technology in paintings often depicting men, women, and even children working in factories. In an engraving…show more content…
The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 sparked a steady stream of political artwork showing scenes of battle and rebellious uprising. Eugene Delacroix’s portrait of Liberty Leading the People, 29 July 1830 reflects the events of the French banded together from varying classes in battle following a bare breasted Liberty. Ernest Meissonier’s painting The Barricade in Rue Mortellerie, Paris, June 1848 is a sad image of a drab Parisian street with dead revolutionaries as a result of social class fighting. The mid 19th century brought about a resurgence of art that was less restrictive and available to all who were interested. The middle class and Bourgeoisie, especially in France were active in the art community. Printing became main-stream and newspapers were now a big part of European culture. Writers such as Charles Dickens had another outlet at their disposal as did political satirists with their cartoon illustrations. Realist artists were making art that was less topical, where the focus was on the art itself and not the message behind it. The second half of the 19th century was centered on an urban lifestyle, and capitalist like consumerism. Art had become a form of entertainment and museums, operas, music, and dance were common place in the cities. Artists like Van Gogh, Claude Monet and Edgar Degas were reminiscent of the late 1800’s. Their focus was on the Impressionistic style utilizing short brush strokes with an attention to light. Even though
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