European Colonization And Colonialism And Its Impact On Indigenous People

Decent Essays
Throughout history, colonization has affected many societies. European colonization and colonialism greatly impacted the Canadian First Nations’ style of living. Alfred (2009) described European colonization as “the invasion and eventual domination of North America by European empires” (p. 45). However, colonialism is more complex. Alfred (2009) inferred that European colonialism was “the development of institutions and policies by European imperial and Euroamerican settler governments towards Indigenous peoples” (p. 45). This term describes the imbalanced relationship between the Europeans and the Indigenous. This relationship created long-lasting impacts for the Indigenous and created implications for social workers who help Indigenous peoples today. European contact and colonialism created both immediate and long-term impacts on Canadian First Nation peoples. The Europeans introduced commercial trade, creating capitalism and transforming the Indigenous political economy. The European imposition of capitalism forced Indigenous peoples to shift away from their traditional subsistence economy, creating four immediate effects: first, a disruption of their traditional pattern of economic life and a creation of economic dependency; second, a loss of their self-sufficient lifestyle; third, damage to the natural environment and animals; and fourth, poverty. European colonization impacted and continues to affect many aspects of Indigenous life.
European colonialism transformed
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