European Imperialism In Africa Dbq

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From 1500 to 1800, the Europeans already had their eyes on Africa, although not for the purpose of imperialism. Over the next century, slavery was abolished and Belgium began by establishing the Free Congo State in order to make money. Soon, many other European leaders began to realize that Africa was rich with natural resources (Background Essay). The main forces driving European Imperialism in Africa were the capabilities of the European countries’ economies and the opportunity for more wealth and money. Prior to imperialism, many European countries already had a good economy, which was an incentive for them to colonize. “Developed in the 1830s and 1840s by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) and other inventors, the telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication” (Document C). Technological advancements such as the telegraph were useful and provided advantages in colonizing. This encouraged Europeans to colonize because access to long-distance communication and the like would make colonization a much easier process. Also, Friedrich Fabri said that, “Germany will have success in colonization because of its experience on the seas, industry and commerce skill, capability in agricultural colonization, and ample manpower” (Document B). Since Germany’s economy was already powerful in terms of agriculture, industry, and commerce, they had confidence that colonizing in Africa would be a success. Therefore, they were more motivated to take action. The strong economies of the European
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