European Imperialism

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European industry changed drastically in the nineteenth century with technological advances and political turmoil. The unification of new nations gave rise to new industrial leaders as well as new empires fighting over ruling land in Africa and Asia. These newer nations competed with older nations for worldwide economic and political influence. To compare how newer nation-states such as Germany rivaled with older countries like England, it is important to consider the degree of which politics, industry, and imperialism made each similar to or different from the other. Great Britain appeared to be the ideal of liberal progress. Two groups emerged within the government, the Tories (Conservatives) and the Whigs (Liberals). Peaceful political reform and a flexible party helped with smooth decision making in government. In fact, the entire nineteenth century was associated with the term Victorian in England. Moreover, Great Britain began to imperialize on a larger scale. Instead of only overseeing trade, they decided to take control over the political and economic aspects of certain countries as well. The East India Company was set up to further develop their trading empire in Great Britain, however was later used to take full control over a monopolized India. In response to company rule, Indian soldiers revolted; however, the revolt was quickly squashed and India became a possession of the British crown. While England was gaining territory in Asia and Africa, they began to lag
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