European Relations With Native Americans

1264 Words Feb 28th, 2016 6 Pages
Robert Bossong
History II Honors
Mr. Hartwell

European Relations with Native Americans

As the Europeans arrived on American shores, they encountered a variety of native peoples.

Some were living in advanced civilizations; others were living as simple hunter-gatherer cultures.

By the time of the first European contact, in 1492, European settlers interacted with the native peoples in different ways. The Spanish ruled the natives as conquered people, forcing many to work on agricultural estates. The French developed a harmonious relationship with the natives. The English approach fell somewhere between the two polar European powers.

The Spanish settled in present-day Mexico and Peru; they encountered the advanced civilizations of the Aztec and Inca Empires. After diseases wiped out most of the native population, millions survived. The Spanish incorporated the survivors as laborers for their own empire. Eventually, after forced labor, the survivors died from exhaustion. Few Spanish families settled the empire so the group of explorers and soldiers intermarried with the natives. After enslaving indigenous peoples in the Caribbean and the southern parts of the Americas to grow crops and mine for gold, silver, and other valuables, the Spanish moved into North America where they concentrated their efforts in what is now the southwestern and southeastern United States. In present-day Florida, Spain established a military post at San Augustín, but only a small…
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