European Union : International Security And Defense Policy Essay

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European Union. The European Union represents single institutional framework, based on three pillars: the Community pillar, which has a supranational character, the Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar, and the Justice and Home Affairs pillar. The second and third pillars, have an intergovernmental character. Under the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) domain are nested all questions related to the security of the EU, including the common defense. EU objectives in the area of external security and defense were identified in Maastricht Treaty in 1992, some tangible crisis management capabilities were introduced in late 1990s. More military and civilian capabilities needed to fulfil the Petersberg tasks were defined after the St. Malo Declaration from 1998. The Petersberg tasks defined the type of military action that the EU can undertake in crisis management operations: humanitarian and rescue tasks, peacekeeping tasks, and tasks of combat forces in crisis management, including peacemaking. The 2009 Treaty of Lisbon formally renamed European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) to Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). It also further expanded these tasks to include: humanitarian and rescue tasks, conflict prevention and peacekeeping tasks, tasks of combat forces in crisis management, including peacemaking, joint disarmament operations, military advice and assistance tasks, and post-conflict stabilization tasks. These tasks may also contribute to the fight
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