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Euthanasia is from a Greek word (εὐθανασία) meaning "good death" where εὖ, eu (well or good) and thanatos (death) refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to be relieved from pain and suffering. Euthanasia is categorized in three different ways, which include voluntary euthanasia, non-voluntary euthanasia, or involuntary euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia is legal in some countries and U.S. states. Non-voluntary euthanasia is illegal in all countries. However, in the Netherlands, physicians can avoid prosecution by following well described and strict conditions. These conditions include patient request, taking into consideration the amount of suffering the patient is experiencing, alternative courses
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Controversies on legalization of euthanasia in Europe and America are continuing. The argument for legalizing euthanasia is that the individual 's freedom entails liberty or choice in all matters as long as the rights of any other person are not infringed upon. The argument against legalizing euthanasia is that it will lead to disrespect for human life. Euthanasia can then be abused for criminal purposes. A financial motive is sometimes advanced in favour of euthanasia. It costs money from the family of the government to keep terminally sick people on life support which will be wasted resources if they eventually die.
West 's Encyclopedia of American Law states that "a 'mercy killing ' or euthanasia is generally considered to be a criminal homicide" and is normally used as a synonym of homicide[3] committed at a request made by the patient.

Physician-assisted suicide is thus not classified as euthanasia by the US State of Oregon, where it is legal under the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, and despite its name, it is not legally classified as suicide either. Unlike physician-assisted suicide, withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatments with patient consent is almost unanimously considered, at least in the United States, to be legal. The use of pain medication in order to relieve suffering, even if it hastens[4] death, has been held as legal in several court decisions.
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