Euthanasia, Or Assisted Dying

1950 WordsApr 26, 20178 Pages
Euthanasia, or assisted dying, is the process involving physician intervention to kill a patient in order to end his or her suffering. This term is often brought up when dealing with terminally ill patients with a bleak course for their illness. The argument here is that the patients are irrationally suffering because they are terminally ill, and thus, they should be allowed the choice of euthanasia to end their suffering. Most physicians agree with this argument as it falls within their duty to maintain patient autonomy, which is the patient’s right to make decisions for his or her own interest regarding course of treatment. It is especially important to maintain this autonomy in the 21st century, because dignity, and individuality are…show more content…
While it is important for a physician to maintain a patient’s autonomy, “the physician has a duty to secure both his or her patient 's welfare and his or her organization 's welfare”(Minogue 433). It will certainly be impressive to honor all of their patient’s requests, but physicians have to take care of their own reputation as well. There is no value in doctors that blindly listen to their patients, as they are suppose to be the experts in the relationship. Thus, a physician should only honor a normal patient’s request for euthanasia after having carefully considered all the appeals and have not been able to come up with a more likely desired outcome. Before moving on it is important that euthanasia is clearly established and defined. Euthanasia is an umbrella term that encompasses four groups: voluntary, and involuntary euthanasia, then active, and passive euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia involves documented or written consent from the patient whereas involuntary euthanasia involves a decision made by the physician without consultation with the patient. Involuntary euthanasia falls in the same line as murder; euthanasia as mentioned in the paper thus far and beyond will only refer to voluntary euthanasia unless specified. Beyond that, euthanasia is broken down into two smaller groups. Active euthanasia is the direct killing of a patient through methods such as lethal injections or lethal drugs. Passive
Open Document