Evaluate the Claim That Person-Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients

2502 Words Jul 28th, 2012 11 Pages
“Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients”

The humanistic movement was established as a way to expand and improve upon the two other schools of thought; behaviourism and psychoanalysis, which had, up until the first half of the 20th century dominated psychology. An American theorist called Abraham Maslow began to research creativity in humans through art and science. He first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation”. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, for example food and shelter, while the more complex needs are
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The pressure to conform can be immense. As a result, because we have a deep need to feel valued, we tend to deny to our awareness those of our inner experiences that we believe will not be acceptable. Originally described as non-directive, this form of therapy moved away from the idea that the counsellor was the expert and towards a theory that trusted the actualising tendency of clients to find their own personal potential. The term ‘actualising tendency’ is one which Rogers uses to describe the human urge to grow, to develop, and to reach maximum potential. It is directional and present in all living things, but can sometimes be suppressed. The person-centred therapist aims to provide an environment in which the client does not feel under threat or judgement. This enables the client to experience and accept more of who they are as a person, and reconnect with their own values. The client is then able to let down their defences and gain a better perception of themselves. This environment is achieved when being in a therapeutic relationship with someone who demonstrates the three essential characteristics: empathy, congruence and respect. The nature of the relationship is crucial for the success of therapy. Although therapy in a person-centred manner does not have as much structure as some other methods, it is a highly effective way of encouraging personal growth. Person-centred therapy sees the individual as a whole, and one aspect central to development is the
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