Evaluate the suitability of the emergent and intended approaches to strategic management for Oxfam

2745 WordsFeb 4, 201511 Pages
Strategic Management "Evaluate the suitability of the emergent and intended approaches to strategic management for Oxfam." Dominic McDonnell - 2003870 Seminar Tutor - Dr. Karen Quine Word Count - 2,194 Throughout this paper I will be looking in-depth at two of the most well recognized strategic management theories, Intended Strategy and Emergent Strategy. I will be evaluating the suitability of the emergent and intended approaches to strategic management and measure the appropriateness of each theory using various academic models (such as PEST analysis, Porter's 5 Forces, Porter's Generic strategy) in order to consider the differing environmental contexts of my chosen organization - Oxfam. There are many devised explanations…show more content…
Porter (1980) created a model which considers five important forces (Porters five forces) which aims to establish a profitable and sustainable position against the forces that determine industry competition, therefore position themselves within it and differentiating themselves where necessary in order to strategically gain a competitive advantage - this model gives vision of: Threat of new entrants, Threat of substitute products or services, Bargaining power of customers , Bargaining power of suppliers and Intensity of competitive rivalry (Porter 1980). Using models and academic theory like this allows strategy to be formed through a rational and an analytical process. Chandlers (1962) cited in (Lomash 2003) suggests the analytical process is about the determination of long-term clear goals, adopting actions to achieve these goals and then building the resources within the organization around this strategy in order to ensure it succeeds. Johnson (2005), likewise, simply suggested a three step approach to strategy - analysis, choice and implementation which goes hand-in-hand with intended strategy. An intended strategy approach suggests it is fixated on a specific outcome which may reduce the rigidity of an organization but it does ensure focus is kept. It is argued that an organization is more likely to succeed through these stricter

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