Evaluating Kuhn´s Theory of Scientific Development Essay

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Introduction The scientific revolution started in the 16th and 17th century with development of the scientific theories (Hatch, n.d.). These Scientific theories are detailed explanation of some aspect of the natural world, based on knowledge that has been repeatedly duplicated through observation and experimental procedures. The understanding or the attempt to understand the human’s perspective of the world through scientific theories is the birth to the philosophy of science (Okasha, 2002). Several perspectives of scientific theories have been postulated by many on the history and philosophy of science. One of such is the Kuhn theory of science development postulated by Thomas Kuhn. His theory brought about a new perspective where…show more content…
Each paradigm starts as a normal science which goes through consensus verification by the science community through scientific analysis, constructive criticism and scientific induction. Kuhn view is clearly illustrated in his book the structure of scientific revolution. He traced the origin of his thesis to a moment in 1947 when he was working toward a doctorate in physics at Harvard. James B. Conant, the chemist who was the president of the university, had asked him to teach a class in science for undergraduates majoring in the humanities (The Guardian, 2012). The lecture at the time was on the history and development of science. While understudying Aristotle's Physics, he realized how his concepts of motion were different from Newton's concepts of motion and matter. Thomas Kuhn in his scientific model breaks down the history of development of science into three stages which include normal of science, accumulation of anomaly and then the paradigm shift (Kuhn, 1996). The normal period of science starts with the creation of an accepted boundary for scientific findings by the science community called the paradigm. This paradigm provides objective tools used by scientist to solve scientific problem thereby creating theories that fit within the boundaries. Following this is the period of natural testing of the paradigm and expanding the paradigm boundaries to
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