Evaluating The Scientific Status Of Science

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Evaluating the Scientific Status of Science Subject: Comparative essay
Institution: Online University of Liverpool
Programme: Master of Mental Health & Clinical Psychology
Date: August 2015
Place: Kilifi, Kenya

Robert Mutsaers

The phenomenon of pseudoscience as a cultural-historic product has been the center of controversy since early 20th century. In this essay, demarcation aspects between neuroscience and pseudoscience are explored in their relationship with scientific community & public and finally, contemporary cultural heritage. Firstly, the demarcation problem will be addressed with aspects of the Falsifiability concept in both science and pseudo science conceptualization. The short essay closes with an account of
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The interaction between science and the public sphere can be quite obscure and unclear when it comes to a proper distinguishing between substantiated arguments and legitimatory strategies. For example, one cannot assess that all risks and violations of scientific products with their respective processes should be addressed to science. In turn, one should be careful to maintain the opinion that science will only take credit for the so-called ‘golden eggs’ produced by the ‘science goose’. Whether we agree with it or not, scientists do maintain a reputation of dual reasoning when it comes to sharing legitimizations with politicians, the general public and in their jargon specific debates. The aphorism by Jerry Ravetz (1975) displays this in a phenomenal manner:
“Science takes credit for penicillin, while society takes credit for the bomb (Ravetz, 1975, pg. 46)”
Whether individuals are in line with rational thought or a spiritual one to legitimize their physical reality, there must be some acknowledgement that science developed impressive empirical tools/ methods to deduce scientific proof in setting today’s standards on what is considered scientific or non-scientific reasoning (Lerner, 2015, pg. 482)

Throughout centuries, philosophy and science have been engaged into a love-hate relationship in
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