Evaluating and Criticizing the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

1079 WordsJul 8, 20185 Pages
In the field of Psychology, more specifically health-behavioral research, there has been resounding interest in the structure and measurement of, what the psychological community refers to as, affect. Affect refers to how we, as humans, “experience emotion” and can be broken down into two dominant affective state dimensions, positive and negative affect (Hogg, Abrams, & Martin, 2010)(Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988). According to Watson, Clark, & Tellegen (1988), positive affect (PA) refers to how enthusiastic and active a person is and negative affect (NA) refers to a general dimension of distress and displeasure. Tellegen (1985) claims that not only do these terms refer to affective state, but also affective trait dimensions,…show more content…
The tripartite model, unlike the status quo, “posits that in addition to the common factor of negative affectivity there are specific components” of depression and anxiety that can better differentiate between the two. These specific factors, which were incorporated into the items of the PANAS by Watson et al (1988), include physiological hyperarousal and low PA (anhedonia). To test these predictions, Watson & Clark (1991) administered the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ), a questionnaire consisting of three depression and anxiety scales as well as two more specific scales, to multiple student, adult, and patient samples. The results of this study revealed that the specific measures had extremely high discriminant validity compared to the general measures, supporting the validity of the tripartite model. As a result of its foundation in the tripartite model, the PANAS has been shown to be effective at differentiating between depression and anxiety in clinical samples, which explains why it is largely utilized in clinical settings (Dyck, Jolly, and Kramer, 1994). Additionally, a study by Crawford & Henry (2004) evaluated the relationship between the PANAS and other measures of anxiety and depression (HADS and the DASS, respectively), revealing that the PANAS has high convergent validity with measures

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