Evaluation Of A Nurse Acts As An Advocate For The Patient

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Nurses play a variety of roles while providing patient care. These roles vary between caregiver, communicator, and teacher. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, nurses play a critical role in protecting patient safety and providing quality healthcare to patients (Hallmarks of Quality and Patient Safety, n.d.). Nurses protect patient safety through critical thinking and being an advocate for the patient. A nurse acts as an advocate by preventing the spread of hospital acquired infections. This paper will discuss the clinical situation witnessed by the student where the safety of the patient was compromised, the risk to patient outcomes related to this scenario, and the factors involved that created this patient…show more content…
The nurse unfastened his adult diaper and reached across to get the rectal temperature while laying the thermometer cord in the soiled diaper. The nurse retracted the thermometer, covered the patient and placed the thermometer in the holder without cleaning it. If used on another patient without being cleaned, this dirty equipment poses a risk to other patients. Based on this situation, an internal factor was identified as the nurse who should have cleaned the equipment between patient uses. The high volume of patients being treated in the emergency room was an environmental factor that may have contributed to the lack of cleaning. The failure to clean equipment between patient uses is a risk to patient outcomes that could lead to the development of hospital acquired infections. The study conducted by Rehman, Razzaq, and Owais (2011) discusses the possibility of stethoscopes being a source of infection. According to the study, outbreaks of nosocomial infections have been linked to sources such as electronic thermometers, latex gloves, blood pressure cuffs, computer terminals and Doppler probes. 92 stethoscopes were sampled over a two week period. 46 out of 47 stethoscopes had a positive culture in the first week. The study also revealed the cleaning habits of the participants which varied from cleaning after every patient or daily, to cleaning weekly or monthly. After staff
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