I strongly believe that healthcare is a basic human right; however, the reality is that health care is often based on privilege and/or driven by employer benefits. There are many factors to consider when discussing healthcare as a basic human right. All individuals, regardless of income, race, or status should be treated equally when it comes to safe, effective, and quality health care. Even though I believe healthcare should be a human right, we have to consider how this would be feasible among different populations and societies. According toMaruthappu, Ologunde, and Gunarajasingam (2012) “a fundamental difficulty with considering healthcare as a right is that this right, unlike many others, is dependent upon the resources of a society,
As Americans we should all be afforded access to healthcare. Access to healthcare is an individual right according to the human rights amendment. The human right to health guarantees a system of health protection for all. The human right to health means that everyone has the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, which includes access to all medical services, sanitation, adequate food, decent housing, healthy working conditions and a clean environment (What is the Human Right to Health and Health Care, 2015). However there are strengths and weaknesses to every healthcare system and the U.S. Healthcare system is not exempt. I plan to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the U. S. Healthcare system (What is the Human Right to Health and Health Care, 2015).
What is the real and perceived performance of the U.S. health care system? Are the views different among patients, providers, payers, and policy makers? Why or why not?
The best health care systems in the world offer integrated care. Systems like the Mayo Clinic and Geisinger Health System own hospitals and labs and employ all the physicians and nurses a patient is likely to see, so they can easily integrate a patient’s care. In contrast, patients in North Carolina and throughout America typically obtain their care from a variety of independent providers. Health care expenses are paid by a variety of sources including private insurers, employers, the government and patients themselves. But unlike any other state, or even any large geographic area, North Carolina has the capacity to create a “virtually” integrated system, one that can provide the same integrated care but across an entire state. When patients’ transition between providers and health care settings, the result is often poor health outcomes, medical errors and costly duplication of tests and procedures. Through partnerships with other organizations and providers, NCHQA is seeking ways to better coordinate care and address systemic problems that cause dangerous and costly gaps in care. (NCHQA, 2014)
Healthcare is often driven by consumers and insurance companies; there is strong pushes for insurance companies to start paying better through Patient Care Medical Homes (PCMH) or Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) rather than paying at a per-visit basis (Hamlin, 2015). With PCMH or ACOs payment is made on a continuum of care, encouraging the provider to be involved in all aspects affecting health of the patient (Derksen, & Whelan,
The Arkansas Health Care Payment Improvement Initiative (“AHCPII”) is one part of the health care innovations the state has implemented with the aim of “increas[ing] health care quality and reducing the costs of care.” The AHCPII’s intent is to shift Arkansas’s payment system from “one that primarily rewards service volume to one that rewards desired outcomes, particularly with respect to quality and affordability.” Applying to Medicaid, Medicare, and private payers, payment innovation will move away from fee-for-service health care (where quantity all too often trumps quality) to pay for quality. In doing so, the hope is that Arkansas will gain a “new, sustainable model of financing” with the help of a multi-payer leadership and support.
The U.S. health care system is way more complex than what meets the eye. A major difference between the health care system in the U.S. and other nations, is that the U.S. does not have universal health care. Lack of a universal health care opens up the doors for competition amongst insurance, physicians, technology, hospitals and outpatient services.
rehend the PPACA, one must understand the history of the United States’ health care system. The most successful and known reform would be the passage of Medicare and Medicaid. President Johnson’s main objective with his program was to provide health insurance to those over 65 years old, who otherwise wouldn’t be able to receive coverage due to retirement or being financially unfit to purchase health insurance. It has since been expanded to cover those with disabilities, and lower income families (“Overview,” 2015). Brady (2015) examines President Clinton’s attempt to massively overhaul health care in the United States. His plan, the Health Security Act (HSA), required employers to offer health insurance to their employees, and mandated that every US citizen purchase health insurance. This plan would have most likely expand health insurance to many more Americans; however, many feared the large tax increases, restricted options for patients, and with the lack of general support for the bill, it failed in Congress and was never implemented (p. 628). President Clinton’s failed attempt at health care reform opened up the door to future reforms, and it even shared multiple similarities to the PPACA. Smith (2015) updates the history of the health care system in America stating that “In the mid-2000s, America’s uninsured population swelled to nearly 47 million, representing about 16 percent of the population” and how “16 million Americans […] were underinsured” (p. 2). People
Finally, in a February 2012 proposed regulation, CMS proposed that state Medicaid agencies reimburse pharmacies for retail drugs based on actual acquisition cost. CMS recognized, however, that states may not be able to determine the actual price paid by a pharmacy for a drug billed to Medicaid, so it suggested that states survey pharmacies or rely on other data to calculate an average acquisition cost for drugs purchased and billed by retail community pharmacies. The article reviewed the association between benefit caps, prescription drug use, and the costs associated. It also detailed drug cost sharing, additional medical costs, and specific health outcomes. Using observational data, the studies analyzed the changes and did a cost comparison of outcomes at two points of time, before and after the pharmaceutical benefits changed. The article detailed the impact of pharmaceutical drugs was often difficult to analyze because some data analyzed utilization while others analyzed actual pharmaceutical spending. The data surrounding utilization compared as many as five factors such proportion
H. (04/2015). Comprehensive Health Insurance: Billing, Coding & Reimbursement, VitalSource for Allen School of Health Sciences, 1st Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781323131503/
Throughout the early 1980’s and 1990’s the Federal Medicaid program was challenged by rapidly rising Medicaid program costs and an increasing number of uninsured population. One of the primary reasons for the overall increase in healthcare costs is the
In order to more fully delve into this issue, this literature review will be focusing on three main areas of study as it applies to the topic of Medicare/Medicaid reimbursement and its relation to the Affordable Care Act. These areas of focus will include
There are providers, of public hospitals community and rural health centers, and local health department considered to be safety net providers that service the uninsured. But the result of increased demand has caused limited capacity and decreased treatment options due to eroding finances (KFF, 2013). In order to improve the well beings of Americans, it is imperative to establish a health care policy that will deliver comprehensive coverage for all.
The South Carolina Title XIX State Plan, also known as Medicaid, was designed to maintain the provision of “quality health care to low income, disabled, and elderly individuals” (South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, 2016). The South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (SCDHHS) acts as the designee for this administration, managing the state and federal reimbursement of funds for approved medical providers. Services are designed to provide services for diagnosis, treatment, and management of illnesses. The Management Care Organization program provides insurance coverage through a network comprised of contracted, providers who are paid a “per member per month capitated rate” (SCDHHS, 2016). These
Id. In order for providers to avoid costly claim denials, a risk management and compliance program should be in place and annual monitoring and auditing of internal controls needs to occur on a regular basis. This text will review the issues that medical providers face with coding and billing regulations, the consequences of improper billing and coding, and resolutions that will aid in the prevention of claims being denied.