Evaluation Of A Value Judgment On Something

3612 WordsNov 20, 201415 Pages
One of the key distinctions between evaluation and research is evaluation places a value judgment on something (Mathison, 2008; Weiss, 1972). Evaluating something does not necessarily lead to accountability, but the process of accountability does involve making a value judgment and hence requires evaluation (Mathison, 2009). Ebrahim (2003) identifies five means of accountability; evaluation, reports and disclosure statements, participation, self-regulation, and social audits. As such there is no question evaluation can play a role in accountability. The question is more what type of accountability can and does evaluation contribute to? There is considerable debate within the sector as to how accountability can be addressed through evaluation (Hallam, 2011). Feinstein & Beck (2006) argue in the early stages of the accountability revolution there was a belief evaluations could either focus on lesson learning or accountability, and there was an inherent trade-off between the two. This has been challenged more recently by the concept of accountability for learning which argues the concepts can play a complementary function in evaluation. The debate about accountability versus lesson learning extends to consideration of what evaluation approaches should be used. The first draft of ALNAP’s guide for EHA states evaluations play either a lesson learning role or accountability role, and argues an evaluation mainly focused on accountability is not likely to use participatory
Open Document