Evaluation Of An Article II ' Development And Validation Of A Geriatric Depression Screening Scale

1633 WordsJun 15, 20157 Pages
Review of an Article II “Development and Validation of a Geriatric Depression Screening Scale: A Preliminary Report” PSYC 1300 Section # 17659 Rishma Bhat 18 June 2015 Introduction: Whereas symptoms of dementia in the elderly are due to cognitive impairment, ‘pseudodementia’ is a classification of depression that leads to psychomotor retardation and passive refusal to cognitive abilities, mistaken for simply dementia. A primary issue with most geriatric screening tests in 1983 is that they measured depressive tendencies in only younger demographics, but not in older demographics of Americans, even though they comprised of 5 to 20% of 20 million depressed aged Americans. Also, two secondary issues arise further in geriatric screening scales in establishing causal relationships between the natural deterioration of internal organs and depression: somatic and physical symptoms that affect both the non-depressed and depressed elderly and resistance by the elderly to psychiatric evaluation. With regard to the first issue, although sleep deprivation is common symptom associated with endogenous depression, it affects the non-depressed elderly as well. Therefore, there are two causal relationships established within the population of non-depressed and depressed individuals that suggest that somatic complaints are not entirely characteristic of milder forms of depression. With regards to the second issue, existing geriatric scales posed problems of patient acceptance
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