Evaluation Of Debt And Equity Funding

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Evaluation of Debt and Equity Funding
The way the business is funded for its operation and business plans is a crucial factor for the long-term performance of the business. Two most fundamental financing methods include debt and equity financing which will be discussed and evaluated. Equity financing is a method of raising fund from investors with the promise of a share in business ownership. Debt financing is obtaining a loan from external party separate from the business for example the bank and usually involves incurring an interest payment. Advantages of debt financing include protection of ownership and tax reduction. Lenders have no claim on business ownership and debt financing ensure retained ownership. Another benefit includes tax reduction, the repayment of debt is considered as an expense for the business leading to a reduction in tax. Disadvantages include the repayment and lender claim on business asset. For debt financing there is a fixed repayment date, while equity financing does not require repayment. Even when the company is making a loss, the business needs to make debt repayment regularly for example in a monthly basis to lender such as bank. Usually when business default its debt, the lender can claim its assets as collateral. Interest rate is an integral part of debt financing. Due to inflation, the value of the same amount of money diminish overtime as a result, there is an interest rate for all loan. Long-term loan is comparatively more costly than
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