Evaluation Of Research Methods And Data Collection A Useful Acronym

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In the textbook’s evaluation of research methods and data collection a useful acronym referenced for remembering and evaluating research was LOTS of data (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). The L stands for life record data that is obtained by looking at a person’s life history. A person’s life history can be accessed and assessed by looking up police, court, or public records. The O stands for observational data which is information given by knowledgeable observers of the person in question. This data is obtained usually via questionnaires or other rating forms. The T stands for test data in which the information is collected from experiments where researchers measure performance. This data is usually performed in a lab where the environment can be controlled in order to test and measure a specific item. The last letter of the acronym, the letter S, stands for self-report data in which participants report about themselves usually via questionnaires. Additionally to the LOTS of data acronym, sources of data can also differ in their respective measures. Two categories of measures cited in the textbook are nomothetic measures and ideographic measures (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Nomothetic measures are fixed procedures that use the same test items for every participant and calculate the scores for all participants in exactly the same way. An example of nomothetic measures would be true or false questions, and yes or no questions. This method is most commonly used in
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