Also, strategic decision making carried out through the process of strategic management. Like the other terms in business policy, strategic management has also been defined and interpreted differently by various author. There are also differences of opinion regarding the phases of the strategic management process and the elements they contain. These authors include 3 sub processes overall strategic management process. Through the strategy scenario analysis, strategy formulation, strategy implementation, and strategy analysis ( Azhar Kozami, 2005).
Nowadays, businesses endeavor to achieve a competitive advantage and so an outstanding performance by applying different strategies and examining various strategic analyses. Key role for this strategy is the manager’s contribution, as he is the one to defy the company’s objectives. The manager is responsible in order to exploit the firm’s available resources and strengthen its competencies in order to produce competitive goods and services. The resources and capabilities are among the fundamental sources a manager can use, when he structures the strategic management.
‘Strategic Management’ is a very complex term as many eminent researchers and scholars have had different views and conclusions on strategy. According to White (2004), “Strategic Management involves both systematically developing an idea together with its implications and testing the empirical validity & usefulness of that idea against the real world.” Thus strategy is not only about planning for future but also about confirming the validity of the hypothesis considered and implementing it successfully. Strategy formation may take various forms such as implicit, explicit or emergent. Implicit strategy is a strategy formed by intuitions of an individual. As per implicit strategists, strategic management is about reading the environment
Pearce and Robinson describe strategic management as the art of making complex, long-term, future-oriented decisions and taking actions that result in the formulation and implementation of plans designed to achieve a company's objectives. The process focuses on the belief that a firm's mission can be best be achieved through a systematic and comprehensive assessment of both its internal capabilities and its external environment (Pearce & Robinson, 2005). In the article Strategic Management, the strategic management process is described as the implementation of the company's strategy by executive management considering its resources, circumstances, and environment to position the organization to complete is mission in a
In order to develop a global strategy, the deep understanding of the term ‘globalization’ is very important for every company.
Pearce, J. A. II, & Robinson, R. B. (2009). Strategic management: Formulation, implementation, and control (11th ed.). [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text]. New York: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved August 20, 2011, fr
Strategic Management is the theory and practice of making decisions that shape the future of the firm. This course looks at the content and process of strategic decision making from the perspective of managers who are responsible for an entire business unit. These may be individuals who are acting in the capacity of a Chief Executive of a company, divisional General Managers, or departmental heads. It is also the perspective most
Strategic management is the art and science of formulating, implementing and evaluating cross-functional decisions that will enable an organization to achieve its objectives. It involves the systematic identification of the firm 's objectives, nurturing policies and strategies to achieve these objectives, and acquiring and making available these resources to implement the policies and strategies to achieve the firm 's objectives. Strategic management, therefore, integrates the activities of the various functional sectors of a business, such as marketing, sales and production to achieve organisational goals. It is the highest level of managerial activity, usually
Peng M.W., Pleggenkuhle-Miles E-G. “Current Debates in Global Strategy” International Journal of Management Reviews, 51-69
The many factors of strategic management are implemented in every form. That is the separation between a business/organization and just an idea. The strategy of developing methods based on data, implementing the methods and then reconstructing the strategy as you see the uncover opportunities for improvement. Strategic management is a relevant to every organization or company that has a goal to be effective and progressive in their
The paper that I 'm writing will help you to gain information on how Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness play hand and hand when dealing with a business. The business that I have chosen to write about is Nike. I have always wanted to know the practices that Nike used to make their business last this long and how have they been so successful. I will explain to you how globalization and technology changes have helped or hurt the company and the major role that it has played. I also plan to construct a plan to see how my corporation could earn above-average returns and increase their gaining potential. I will explain Nike 's vision and mission statement and show how this had allowed them to continue to be one of the most outstanding business in this day and age. In turn, I plan to show how each or stakeholder plays an important role in the success of the corporation.
In the business industry, if businesses want to export their goods and services to other countries, they must become familiar with and adopt international and global strategies. Consequently, there are three types of international and global business strategies. The first type is international, which entails conducting a significant amount of activities outside the home country, yet its focus remains on the home market (Fung, 2014). The second type is multinational, which consists of operating in multiple countries, yet the headquarters is in its home country, not to mention that the competitive advantage will vary by country (Fung, 2014). The third and final type is global, which is when the organization treats the whole world as one market and one source of supply, not to mention, that its competitive advantage is contingent of common brands, standardized products, and global scale production (Fung,
Therefore, strategic management is an all-encompassing approach for formulating, implementing and evaluating managerial decisions in a way that permits the business to reach its objectives.
Hitt, Michael, Hoskinsson, Robert, Ireland, D. ( 2011) Strategic Management: Competitiveness & Globalization: Concepts ( 10 ed.) Cengage Learning.
As trade increases hyper-competition grows forcing organizations to go global. By a company going global it requires them to rethink strategy and reform (Ananthram and Pearson, 2008). Global organizational structure is the way a company aims to merge local preferences with global strategy. The definition of global strategy is “strategic choices that have the characteristics of being globally uniform or integrated,” (Yip et al., 1997) such as standardization of products, uniform marketing, and competitive moves, but all globally (Townsend et al., 2004; Zou and Cavusgil, 2002; Bayraktar and Ndubisi, 2014). Global strategic strategy is a way to adjust to globalization. Globalization is “the economic and social process by which economies and communities grow inextricably interdependent “(Jhirad et al., 2009). The recent financial crisis (Das, 2010), large amount of poverty, and climate change are all problems that show how the world is globally connected because all countries impact each other (Jhirad et al., 2009).