Evidence-Based Practice and Alzheimer’s Disease

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Introduction As defined in 2012 by the American Nurses Association, “nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations. “To deliver the best optimal treatment when performing their duties, nurses are taught to follow evidence-based practices (EBP). Following EBP when dealing with clients especially those affected by Alzheimer’s disease facilitates the nurse in performing his/her main responsibilities
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Disease management In addition to promoting health and reduce risk for disease, nurses play an important role in ensuring that proper disease management is in effect. Disease management is the implementation of the client plan of care prescribed by the physician and includes reminders, education, and other materials. Disease management requires suitable support to improve patient self-management activities and monitor recommended care for each client (“Disease management (position paper),” 2012). Examples of disease management by the nurse will be to monitor client compliance to prescribed diet and evaluate interventions outcomes.
Benefits and strategies of using evidence-based practice in nursing plan of care When using scientific reasoning and evidence based practice, the nurse avoids working imitation, intuition, or tradition (Osborn and Watson, 2009).This approach allows the nurse to create a personalized and individualized plan of care, resulting in optimal quality care and outcomes, and reduced medical costs. It improves the nurse knowledge and skills, keeping him/her up to date about new interventions and nursing practices. "Evidence-based medicine (EBM) involves caring for patients by explicitly integrating clinical research evidence with pathophysiologic reasoning, caregiver experience, and patient preferences." (Cook and Levy, 1998) .According to Potter and Perry (2011), strategies

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