Evidence Based Practices For Homeless Sexual Minority Youth

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Evidence Based Practices for Homeless Sexual Minority Youth
Kerri Dunn-Bales and Mary Ann Callaway University of Oklahoma

Abstract: SMY (sexual minority youth, which refers within this paper to youth who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or queer) are at risk for trauma in particularly high numbers. When SMY become homeless, their risk for exposure to trauma becomes even higher, presenting the helping professions with a population that faces unique problems in clinical settings that may seek to treat homelessness without considering minority stress and repeated exposure to trauma. We reviewed literature concerned with trauma, homelessness and SMY issues to determine which EBPs (evidence-based practices) have been deemed most helpful for this population and found very few. Our investigation into local resources available to homeless SMY was similarly discouraging. Since previous trauma and marginalized sexual orientation are the primary factors for continued risk, we can suggest that Trauma Informed Care and Gay Affirmative Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are currently our best choices. This paper will seek to explore why.
Description of the Problem: When discussing homeless SMY, we should remember that we are looking at the intersection of two populations whose risk factors for trauma are already elevated. To better understand these risks we looked at three

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