Evidence Collection in Sex Related Crimes Essay

2612 Words Dec 29th, 2013 11 Pages
Abstract
Crime scenes present many possibilities and evidence that may aid investigators in the apprehension and possibly conviction of a known or unknown offender. While this evidence are present at a scene of a crime, it requires specialized training on the part of law enforcement officials to effectively, efficiently and accurately, collect, record and preserve these evidence. Chain of command is especially vital at each stage of the evidence collection, as evidence can easily be lost and even tampered with. Sex crimes are especially sensitive, as trained professionals have to exercise empathy to what or who may be perceived as the main evidence; the victim. The victim may hold the key to a lot of information that will help
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First responders must advise a victim as empathically as possible, to try not to shower. Most victims of a sexual assault, may become traumatized and feel that the only way to feel better or forget what they just went through, is by taking a shower. A victim must should not be made to feel that he or she wanted it, or consented to it, or worst case scenario feel responsible for the act, (“Marshall University” n.d). However, according to Garcia and Hendersen (2010), the Violence Against Women Legislation, passed in 2005, requires states to perform certain functions if and when the investigating of a sex crime has occurred. The legislation holds that states must provide medical forensic examination of victims of sexual assaults, without the victims themselves having any face to face contact with law officials, and to prevent them from incurring any out of pocket money for the process of the collection of this evidence. One of the main goals of the WAMA is to prevent the victims from having to go through an ordeal that may have possibly traumatized them.
These victims can have the evidence collected at a hospital, but not have their names listed on that evidence. Instead the victims are given a coded number which is used to identify them in the event that they chose to report the crime at a later date. “Generally speaking, no direct connection is made between the victim…