Evil In Macbeth

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right to rule directly from God”, as J Schapiro states in “Divine Rights of Kings.” (Schapiro 198)
Maybe Macbeth was able to avoid suspicion for a while due to the flight of Malcom and Donalbain and the belief at the time that kings “could do no wrong.” (Schapiro 198) Had he decided to end his dastardly deeds then and there, maybe nobody would have questioned Macbeth’s right to rule. But he continued to lose his purity by lying to his subjects. “Know Banquo was your enemy,” Macbeth tells the murders in 3.1. (3.1) He lies again to his subjects when he attempts to write off his vision of Banquo’s ghost in 3.4. He becomes a “false witness who pours out lies and a person who stirs up conflict in the community.” (Proverbs 6:19)
Macbeth also commits the sin of witchcraft in 4.1. (See Galatians 5:20-21) He does this first by calling out, “How now you secret black midnight hags? … I conjure you by that which you profess…answer me!” (4.1.48-52) Some interpreters of this scene, such as Polanski, have Macbeth drink the potion that the witches created before his second encounter with them. Perhaps this is also to serve as an acknowledgement that Macbeth isn’t ready (or starts his refusal) to return to the light from his dark path.
By committing these acts, one may argue that Macbeth also loses his courage to an extent. He fears for the future because in the future lies his death. Take Macbeth’s final duel with Macduff for an example. He is all too confident when the duel with Macduff began, for he still thinks that he is invincible since he believes that all men are women born. But when Macduff announces that he was “from his mother’s womb untimely ripped” Macbeth lets his guard down. (8.19-20)
In director Robert Goold and Bogdandov’s interpretations, both directors show Macbeth lowering his gun, and Polanski’s interpretation has Macbeth lose his sword. (Although it should be noted that the versions then went into a fist or resumed the fight with other weapons.) One might argue that Macbeth did attempt to yield by saying, “I’ll not fight with.” (5.8.26) Therefore, Macbeth breaks another oath to not “recoil before the enemy,” which is a chivalric commandant listed in Léon Gautier’s Chivalry. (Gautier 9) Thus, Macbeth

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