Evolution And Dispersal Of Modern People

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Homo sapiens neanderthalensis (Homo neanderthalensis)
The Neandertals are the most controversial human ancestors that have coused many confusion in the past century and a half. In chapter 12 page 287 The origin, evolution and dispersal of modern people, discovery of the Neandertal in Feldhofer Cave was the first and famous one. It was featured in the Decoding Neandertals video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tevSkylmvXk These Homo species existed between 230,000 and 30,000 years ago. “According to one theory, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and modern humans are all descended from the ancient human Homo heidelbergensis. Between 300,000 to 400,000 years ago, an ancestral group of H. heidelbergensis left Africa and then split shortly after. One branch ventured northwestward into West Asia and Europe and became the Neanderthals. The other branch moved east, becoming Denisovans. By 130,000 years ago, H. heidelbergensis in Africa had become Homo sapiens—our ancestors—who did not begin their own exodus from Africa until about 60,000 years ago.” https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/denisovan/ Just like Homo sapiens, Neanderthals originated in Africa but migrated to Eurasia long before modern humans did. Neandertals and Denisovans both left Africa about 300,000 years ago and settled in Europe and western Asia. Scientists discovered a 40,000-year-old adult tooth and a five to seven years old a young girls fossilized pinkie bone in 2008, in Altai Mountains cave in southern Siberia.
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