In the Article “The Fact of Evolution” by Michael Hermer it is a scientific theory only, and it has in recent years been challenged in the world of science--that is, not believed in the scientific community to be as infallible as it once was." Well evolution is a theory. It is also a fact. The article relate to the
Stephen Jay Gould in his article "The Evolution Of Life On Earth" aims to clarify the misconception of natural selection as the sole reason for evolution. Yet, he emphasizes on the presence of other causes and the complex unforeseeable nature of the universe that can not be explained in one theory. Even though the article is concerned with a deep scientific subject and factual information, we see the usage of description in every sentence. Description has an intrinsic role in this article where the uniqueness and the beauty of the language relies on the strong descriptive construction. It employs the power of the language and the readers senses to bring life to the subject. It also simplifies it by liking the described setting or object to something else that the readers are easily able to visualize and associate in their minds. In addition, using specific descriptive words make a statement more dynamic and effectual to the readers convincing them and inviting them to see the situation from the author perspective.( to help convince the reader and strengthen the argument of the author). It could exaggerate the details to effect the readers in a more emotional way and capture their attention. This won 't only engage the targeted audience, but it will allure other readers as well.
Creationism, it is theory that claims every element in the earth, including living species, are all created by the god as the Bible said, which denies the evolutional theory came up by Charles Darwin. Then, since Darwin’s evolutionary theory is testable and make solid predictions whereas creationism cannot be tested nor predict precisely, it has been considered as a pseudoscience. However, recently there is a Ph.D. Biochemist bring creationism theory back to the audience again, his name is Duane Tolbert Gish from University of California. Dr. Duane T. Gish has written several books and articles to support creationism, and the most famous one is Evolution: The Fossil Say No!, which published in 1978. In his article, he denied the evolutionism since he claims there is insufficient fossil evidence to support Darwin’s theory, and which would prove creationism is real.
The theory of evolution, as set forth by Charles Darwin in 1859, stated that all plant and animal life evolved over long periods of time from simple to more complicated forms through mutation and adaptation. He also taught that only the fittest of each species would survive. He further postulated that the first living cell evolved in a "warm warm little pond" and that it took billions of years for the present diversity of living things to evolve. At the time, it was thought that the few "missing links" in the fossil record would be soon filled.(Darwin, 1927 ). Today, however, there is today a considerable body of scientific evidence that refutes this entire theory.
The main controversy creationist have with accepting the theories of evolution is how all different life forms were produced using genetic material that was present and reproduced from the first living cells. Yet this claim has not fully been proved correct, scientific discoveries and theories have given it great justice so far. Aside from genetic variation, crossbreeding, survival of the fittest etc. Such drastic changes from species to species are due to mutations. In most eyes, mutations are considered to be harmful and destructive. Which is true in some cases, but they are also beneficial in the case of genetics and evolution. Many helpful mutations are incorporated into the normal genotype through natural selection, and when harmful mutations do occur the process of natural selection kills that mutation off. Without randomly occurring mutations, there would have been no development of life and no evolution would have taken place.
“Alien Notion” by Chip Rowe was featured in The Playboy Forum in February 2003. In this article Chip Rowe writes about the attempts of creationist to bring God into public schools. According to Chip Rowe, after the Supreme Court ruled that teaching biblical creationism in public school is a violation
Stephen Jay Gould was an American paleontologist, biologist and also one of the most influential spokesman of his generation. Gould had written a lot of notable papers in which a few have landed around the word Evolution. Evolution has been divided in to two categories, evolutionists, who believe that living organisms have modified over a very long period of time and have ended up into evolving or, creationists who believe that we didn’t evolve from any form but that we were made from a supernatural being “God”.
Dawkins Chapter: Only a Theory Leticia Tye Adams State University Dawkins Chapter: Only a Theory The Dawkins chapter speaks about the debate between religion and science and how religious people refuse to even give science teachers and professors the time of day. Most of the time people will refuse to listen to what has been proven due to their religious beliefs. Evolution professors have even been threatened with the loss of their jobs. Even though, many professors have tried to explain that evolution is a fact and one of the greatest of God’s works, still their time is wasted. The pope and educated priests and professors of theology have been known to no longer have a problem with evolution because they understand that evolution is a fact and not intended to be an anti-religious study.
by Kathiann M. Kowalski it says in the section of Gould Gets involved, In one of the passages it says how that Gould found out a lot of experts who end up finding the same theory with fossils. As this quote states “Gould cited the work of thousands of scientists who have described “layers with fossils-- deposits built up over eons and moved and shifted by various forces, which contain the remains of organisms of a past geologic age preserved in them.” This says how that Gould worked with other scientists that identified fossils and they all have the same perspective view of what the fossils did. It shows evolution. As one of the similar to the same issue of the fossils, in the book it states in scene two that Drummond is talking about this old age rock that has been a prehistoric marine creature that was found in a county that lived for millions years ago. This quote says “Look, Mr. Brady. These are the fossil remains of a prehistoric marine creature, which was found in these very county and which lived here millions of years ago, when these very mountain ranges were submerged in water.” (Jerome Lawrence p.95). It portraits how that the fossil were found directs to how evolution works. Evolution takes change over time. Which connects to the article where Gould was talking about the fossils and how it built up over eons and moved shiftly by various forces, evolution
In the article The Fossil Record Supports Evolution, writer, David A. Thomas argues his position. He favors Evolution over Creationism. In the article David explains how there are gaps in fossilization. He tells how creationists expose those gaps and claim that because of those gaps evolution is not proven to
Of course Professor Gould’s writings were rarely without substance. He does go on to point out two creationist’s argumentative fallacies and then, finally, he addresses the issue of fact versus theory. His distinction, summed up both imperfectly and incompletely: a theory is comprised as a rigid, codified series of explanations of the facts; therefore, the theory of evolution, a consistent explanation of the recurring trends found in the fossil record, is in line with said “facts.” It is a
Throughout his article, Millstein defends Evolution while discrediting Creationist views. He continually emphasizes scientific findings. An example is when an argument is “Like creationism, evolution is just a theory,” He gives the definition of scientific theory according to the National academy of Science. This brings him to the conclusion that creationism and evolution are two different kinds of theories. To show that evolution
An argument commonly used against evolution is that it is “just a theory” therefore it is the same thing as a guess. In science, the word “theory” has a different meaning than when used in everyday life. A scientific theory is a hypothesis that is well
Evolution has been debated for many years. Most scientists assume evolution to be true, but it is not officially proven. Evolution is known as “fact and theory,” because it is a fact that organisms have changed over time, but the mechanism that changes those organisms is uncertain. One of the major debates regarding evolution is the belief in creationism. Creationists believe that the Universe and organisms on Earth were all created by a divine power. There are also some theories in which creationism and evolution coexist. One idea is that the divine being who created the world used evolution as a method. Another idea is that science and religion are actually the same thing and religion explains the unknown parts of science. For example, science says that the world couldn’t have been created in seven days, but one of God’s days may not be the same length
If the question was posed as to what is the debate between creationism vs. evolution consist of, the thought that it is ‘“God did it” vs. “Natural processes did it,”’ (Scott, 2004) may arise. Science cannot absolutely prove or disprove Creation or Evolution. Yet scientist and the remainder of society