Evolution Of Educational Theories : Learning And Student Centered Learning

848 WordsJul 9, 20154 Pages
Evolution of Educational Theories Looking into most classrooms an educator can be seen implementing Abraham Maslow, B.F. Skinner, or Maria Montessori’s motivational techniques. Abraham Maslow’s research led him to believe that an individual has: physiological needs, the need for safety, the need for love and belonging, the need for esteem, and the need for self-actualization. B.F. Skinner believes that an individual can learn through positive and negative reinforcement called Operant Conditioning. Maria Montessori feels that hands-on activities, encouragement, and love will allow a child to succeed. Three Theorists B.F. Skinner There are educator centered learning and student centered learning. Behaviorism is the only theory found within the educator centered learning. Behaviorism is educator centered because its emphasis is on the educator’s role. Behaviorism concentrates on the visible characteristics of students’ behavior. B.F. Skinner created behaviorism and believes that students are only motivated by what they are getting in return. Skinner suggests that individuals are motivated by reinforcements, positive or negative. He feels that the only way an individual will succeed is by getting a reward whether it is positive or not. When an individual is doing something negative they should have consequences. Abraham Maslow Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs is definitely student centered learning. Maslow 's theory suggests that individuals are motivated by their five needs:
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