Evolution Of Human Resource Management

2149 Words Apr 27th, 2015 9 Pages
According to Merriam-Webster, the term human resources started in the 1960s and is defined as “a department within an organization that deals with the people who work for that organization” ("Human Resources," n.d., p. 1). In this assignment I will discuss the evolution of human resource management, workplace trends affecting human resources, strategic positioning of HR, the major objectives of human resource planning, key tools HR managers utilize to improve performance, and the challenges for creating buy-in for support of a strategic human resource function.
When companies began using Human Resource departments (called personnel) before the second World War, they served an administrative function. These departments were responsible for hiring, firing, payroll, and benefits. During WWII, government regulations expanded and companies were forced to expand their personnel departments to incorporate a compliance infrastructure (Groysberg, McLean, & Reavis, 2006).
In the 1960s and 1970s, human-capital management started coming to the forefront in academia. It was not until the 1980s, though, when businesses were trying to reduce cost and understand their human capital assets, that HR began developing in a different direction. During this time, HR began focusing on developing their human capital by recruiting and retaining a diverse workforce with a high talent potential. As a part of developing human capital, many HR departments used customized executive training…
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