Evolution Of Human Resource Management

1959 Words Apr 26th, 2015 8 Pages
Human resource management has been an evolving discipline since its creation. Societal influences, organizational demands, and technological advances have all affected the role human resource managers play in an organization. This case study will recount the history and evolution of human resources from performing purely administrative tasks to becoming a strategic leadership partner, examine the main objectives of human resource management, the current trends influencing the discipline, and the tools and resources human resource managers can utilize to improve performance. Finally, I will discuss how strategic human resource management can create competitive advantage for the organization and the challenge and importance of creating support and buy-in for the expanding role of strategic human resource management from line managers.
Evolution of Human Resource Management Prior to World War II, Human Resources, often called Personnel or Human Relations, served a primarily administrative purpose. Tasked with operational duties of hiring and training employees and bookkeeping responsibilities regarding payroll and benefits, human resource managers often reported directly to line managers (Groysberg, McLean, & Reavis, 2006, pp. 1-2). In addition to administrative duties, human resources assumed bureaucratic and operational roles as well. Bureaucratic management involves drafting and implementing policies that affect the workforce. Human resource managers use…
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