Evolution Of Management Theory And Management Theories

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Evolution of Management Theory
Jamal Roberts
Pasco Hernando State College

Evolution of Management Theory
In reality, every person in a management position handles the way that they do their job differently. Management is one of the most important parts of an organization, if not the most important. However, the development of management in organizations has changed dramatically from the late eighteenth century to now. In the eighteenth century, managers relied on power and setting strict rules to get the job done. Modern day managers have to rely heavily on leading by example and doing the right things. As can see, management has changed drastically over the last few centuries. As leaders changed in the work place, so did the way
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Scientific Management Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915), who was a mechanical engineer, pioneered scientific management in the early 1900’s. Taylor believed that it was the management’s duty to designate jobs for workers and motivate them to achieve the task they’re assigned. He introduced five principles that make up the structure of scientific management, four are universal and one is contingent. “Taylor labeled the first principle, ‘A Large Daily Task.’ The idea was that each member of the organization, from top to bottom, should have a "clearly defined task" assigned each day.” The second principle “labeled ‘Standard Conditions,’ specified that: (a) each worker 's task should ‘call for a full day 's work,’ and (b) each worker should be given ‘such standardized conditions and appliances as will enable him to accomplish his task with certainty.’” Again, Taylor clearly believed in assigning accomplishable tasks to workers.
“The third and fourth principles concern individual performance; their highly descriptive labels are: ‘High Pay for Success’ and ‘Loss in Case of Failure,’ respectively.” Taylor 's fifth principle, “unlabeled and contingent, prescribes, for companies with ‘an advanced state of organization’…that tasks should be made so difficult that they ‘can only be accomplished by a first-class man.’ This idea, and the concept of the "first-class man," indicate Taylor 's belief that workers should be systematically

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