Evolution Of Management : Theory X And Y, And Theory Z

1811 WordsNov 30, 20148 Pages
Evolution of Management Blake Schwengler Tarleton State University Abstract We will examine the evolution of management beginning with the timeframe of the industrial revolution thru today’s management. Management theories included in this time contains the Human Relations/ Behavioral School of Management, Classical School of Management, Contingency Approach, the Scientific Approach, Theory X and Y, and Theory Z. The present style and classical style of management will be compared and contrasted to each other and how they apply to my job. Evolution of Management During the 1900 and into the later 1920’s, the Industrial Revolution sparked one of the first managerial theories introduced to the United States; the Classical school of thought. This theory arose when issues began with factory systems. At the time of the Industrial Revolution, the United States had taken on many non-English speaking immigrants who felt their working conditions were not satisfactory and who also felt they were inadequately and improperly trained for the positions they held. Upper management noticed these issues with their employees and soon took actions to find a solution. Efficiency was the main focus for traditional or classical management which included bureaucratic, scientific and administrative management. Bureaucratic management has a much more structured approach to things; division of labor, set rules and guidelines and hierarchy are a few characteristics of bureaucratic
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