Evolution Of Management Through History

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Evolution of Management Through History Management has been a concept that dates back to man’s early stages of hunting and gathering. This concept has come along as a hands-on approach to organize ideas effectively in order to reach coordinated goals. Management has since become defined as a way to be in control of a structure, group, idea, or process. This is a necessary process because of the problems that have arose in coordinating and controlling matters in order to pursue common goals. There have been many different concepts that have been developed in order to make management a functional practice. Due to the historical development of management, several theorists have worked over centuries in order to develop milestones that make…show more content…
In 1909, Taylor became the founder of Scientific Management because of his belief that there was a certain methodology to be followed at work in order to increase productivity. Taylor focused primarily on the inefficiency of making a person work as hard as possible as opposed to making the way work was completed more productive (Carpenter, Bauer, & Erdogan, 2010). Taylor’s management became an effective way to motivate employees. Most employer’s in the 1880’s did not value their employees and had little to no contact with them in a work day. Sustained employment was considered to be an employee’s main motivation and there was no enticement to work more efficiently. Taylor believed that all employees could be more motivated by monetary gain. His way of motivating employee’s was to compensate employees depending on their productivity in a work day. Though Taylor’s theory was a crucial part in management development, it produced the thought of there being only one way to work correctly instead of promoting individual advancement within an organization. As motivation was on the mind of corporations nationwide, the notion that employees were more productive to corporations than machines was being constructed by Professor Elton Mayo. A Harvard research professor, Mayo worked on early motivational projects to conclude that psychological and sociological factors were key to productivity. Mayo and fellow researchers experimented with lighting at Western
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