Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

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Evolution of Cognitive Psychology
Latrice T. Colbert
Julie Bruno, Psy.D
September 6, 2010

Cognition is a term referring to the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension, including thinking, knowing, remembering, judging and problem-solving. Not only is cognitive psychology central to everything a person does in his or her everyday life, it is also central to psychology’s quest to understand how people think and act. Cognitive psychology is a key player within the interdisciplinary field of study termed “cognitive science.” Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary effort to understand the mind. Cognitive science includes a number of
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On the other hand, linguist Noam Chomsky challenged Skinner’s S-R view of language. He argued that the concept of stimulus control has no meaning in language. Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler (2008) stated Chomsky’s critique of Skinner was so devastating that it was met by silence from the behaviorist for over a decade; they simply didn’t have an answer for it.” The movement toward a new science of mind now had undeniable momentum. Conceptually behavior was failing as a satisfactory explanation of behavior. Behaviorism, the dominant explanatory paradigm, was failing. Around the same time that behaviorism was faltering, emerging technologies such as communication systems and computers, provided useful models for describing the process of thinking and investigating its components. The development of computers made a dramatic impact on the newly developing science of the mind. It was made clear that computers could do some intellectual things as well as the human mind. According to Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler (2008) computers could think simple to the way humans think. Computers handle information in three basic stages: input, some type of processing, and output. Humans can be thought of in the same way, taking in information through a sensory system, processing the information, and responding to it. Cognitive psychology
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