Evolution of Management Theory

3435 Words Nov 9th, 2010 14 Pages
Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT
THEORY
Dr.M. Thenmozhi
Professor
Department of Management Studies
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Chennai 600 036
E-mail: mtm@iitm.ac.in
Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
• Early management theory consisted of numerous attempts at getting to know these newcomers to industrial life at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century in Europe and united states.
• These includes
– Scientific management
– Classical organization theory
– Behavioural school and management science.
• As you study these approaches keep one important fact in mind.
• The managers and theorists
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– This production “Miracle” is just one legacy of scientific management .
– In addition its efficiency techniques have been applied to many task in non industrial organizations ranging from fat food service to the training of surgeons. • Limitations of scientific management theory
– Although Taylor's method led to dramatic increase in productivity and higher pay in number of instance .
– Workers and unions began to oppose his approach because they feared that working harder or faster would exhaust whatever work was available
Causing layoffs.
• Moreover,Tatlors system clearly meant that time was of the essence .
– His critics objected to the speed up condition that placed undue pressure on employees to perform at faster and faster levels.
– The emphasis on productivity and by extension profitability led some managers to exploit both the workers and customers.
– As a result more workers joined unions and thus reinforced a pattern of suspicious and mistrust that shaded labor relations for decades.
Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Henry L.Gannt
Henry L.Gannt (1861-1919) worked with taylor on several projects but when he went out on his own as a consulting industrial engineer, Gannt began to reconsider tailors insensitive systems.
• Abandoning the differential rate system as having too little motivational impact
Gannet came up with new idea.
• Every worker who finished days
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