Evolution of the Cotton Manufacturing

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In 1767, Arkwright teamed up with a clockmaker by the name of John Kay and a reed manufacturer by the name of Thomas Highs. He met them during his travels. Kay and Highs were already working on a spinning machine at that time, but they ran out of money and needed funding, or else they had to abandon their project. Arkwright was impressed by their machine, so he offered to fund them. Arkwright improved their machine by making it produce yarn that was far stronger than the yarn that James Hargreaves’ Spinning Jenny, produces and the machine also required less physical labour to operate. The first Spinning-Frame was put to use in 1768 and was patented a year after. In 1769, it was Arkwright who needed funding to expand his business, so he went to Ichabod Wright, who was a banker from Nottingham. Wright introduced him to Jedediah Strutt, who was the modifier of the stocking frame (a knitting machine), and Samuel Need, who was a businessman. They were impressed with Arkwright’s Spinning-Frame, so they agreed to form a partnership. Strutt and Need used the yarn that was produced by the Spinning-Frame in their knitting business. Arkwright’ Spinning-Frame was too large to be operated by hand, so in 1771, three men had to find another method of operating the machine. They tried to use horses, but it failed, so they decided to harness the power of the water-wheel. To do this, the three men set up a large mill factory that was powered by water, on the banks of the River Derwent in
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