Evolution of the Hominids

1290 Words5 Pages
Modern humans are the only remaining species of the hominids, a branch of great apes which characterized by posture, dexterity, sociality and uses tools which trend towards larger and more complex brains. Early hominids, for example the australopithecines had more apelike brains and skulls, are less often thought to as human than hominids of the genus of Homo. Homo heidelbergensis are considered to be the most likely to form the line of ancestry of modern humans. Homo sapiens began to reach their modernity about 200,000 years ago. They began to exhibit behavioral towards modern era around 50,000 years ago. Humans have become the most cosmopolitan species at the earth that established their populations on all parts of earth except the smallest, driest, and coldest lands. They also permanently manned spaces in Antarctica, on area offshore platforms, and also orbiting the earth.

Humans are distinguished by their relatively larger brain with its, prefrontal cortex and temporal lobes, which enable high levels of reasoning, language, problem solving, and culture through social learning. Human uses tools to a much higher degree of complexity than any other animal, and are the only known species to build fires and cook their food, as well as using cloths and also creating numerous other technologies and arts.

Humans are also uniquely adept in utilizing systems of symbolic communication, such as language and art which they used for self-expression, exchanging ideas, and
Get Access