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Evolutionary Theory: Strengths And Weaknesses

Decent Essays
Evolutionary theory is a broad topic that encompasses a lot of different aspects. It is one of the most important theories in archaeology. Evolutionary theory has changed the landscape of archaeology, and how archaeologists see it “Evolutionary perspectives continue to play a fundamental role in how archaeologists interpret hunter-gatherer economics and social organization.” (Lightfoot, Luby, and Pesnichak 2011: 55) and this cannot be any truer, not just in a hunter-gatherer context, but archaeology and anthropology as a whole. It has given more depth to our understanding of the past and how people got to where they are. Evolutionary archaeology is a relatively new concept, but it has been gaining momentum over the past decades. Evolutionary theory has its strengths and weaknesses, but I believe the strengths outnumber the…show more content…
There is still some concern that anthropology and archaeology that it is not a “hard science” even though we used concepts heavily derived from the “hard sciences” Dunnell had his concerns as Kyle Gibson explains;
“Dunnell describes a quandary familiar to all anthropologists when he points out that archaeology has failed to gain “scientific” (i.e. “hard
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Through the use of phylogenetics and cladistics evolutionary theory has taken off, and our understanding of how past societies and groups evolved has changed tenfold. To use phylogenetics and cladistics in your research it still takes a lot of practice and knowledge to obtain the right results, and to understand them. The programs that preform the phylogenetic and cladistics calculations were not meant for archaeology, as they need to be manipulated for our needs. Phylogenetics and cladistics are the best options out there to help understand evolutionary theory in an archaeological context. They provide mathematical evidence of
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