Exam 3 Study Guide Essay

4934 Words Nov 15th, 2011 20 Pages
Exam 3 Study Guide

Emotion and Motivation

1. What were the key components of Dr. Gewirtz’s definition of emotion?
It’s different than “feelings”, “A state, elicited by a strongly motivational (i.e. “reinforcing”) event or by anticipation of such an event, that produces a coordinated set of adaptive responses.
2. Emotional responses have three aspects: “feelings,” autonomic responses, and somatic responses. What does each of these refer to? Feelings: Introspection, subjective Autonomic Responses: Sympathetic activation, hormonal Somatic Responses: Facial expressions, approach or avoidance
3. What is the evolutionary view of emotion as originally proposed by Darwin? What is the adaptive value of emotion? What evidence suggests
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What is the Mere Exposure effect? What is Facial-feedback hypothesis?
16. What kinds of things make us happier? Marriage, friendships, college, religion, political affiliation, exercise, gratitude, giving, flow
17. What is Drive Reduction theory (formulated by Clark Hull, Donald Hebb and others)? What is the Yerkes-Dodson Law? What does it predict as the optimal conditions for performance? What are approach-approach conflicts? Approach-Avoidance conflicts? Avoidance-Avoidance conflicts?
Drive Reduction Theory: Theory proposing that certain drives, like hunger, thirst and sexual frustration motivate us to act in ways that minimize aversive states
Yerkes-Dodson Law: Inverted U-shaped relation between arousal on the one hand, and mood and performance on the other Optimal conditions=very middle between low and high arousal
Approach: A predisposition toward certain stimuli, like food or objects of our sexual desire
Avoidance: A disposition away from certain stimuli, like rude people or frightening animals
18. What are the three major principles that guide attraction and relationship formation? Proximity: Physical nearness
Similarity: Extent to which we have things in common with others
Reciprocity: Rule of give and take – do the like us back?

Differential

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