Examination Of The Fourth Amendment

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Examination of the Fourth Amendment The fundamental purpose of the Fourth Amendment in the United States Constitution is to protect every citizen’s right from unreasonable searches and seizures. The Bill of Rights composed of the first 10 amendments states the limits of governmental authority. For instance, the First Amendment guarantees individuals’ natural rights such as freedom of speech, religion, and press. In addition, the Fourth Amendment restricts government intrusions into personal privacy and property. Both the Bill of Rights and the Fourth Amendment emerged from several English political documents such as the Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, and the English Bill of Rights ("Bill of Rights - Bill of Rights Institute"). Among these documents, the Magna Carta particularly had a major influence on the establishment of the Fourth Amendment. Although the majority of the laws addressed in the document are no longer valid in today’s democratic system, the Magna Carta was the first written document to guarantee citizens’ rights (Sen). Prior to the American Revolution, the American colonies were not protected from unreasonable infringement. For instance, the British colonists enforced tax measures by general searches, which constituted an unacceptable intrusion (Levy). Although Writs of Assistance were issued by King George to investigate evidence of smuggling by the colonists, they allowed the British agents to enter and search anyone’s property without a specific
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