Examination of the Relationships Between Birth Weight and Specific Developmental Disabilities

549 Words Feb 24th, 2018 2 Pages
The researchers in this study collected and used data from the 1997-2005 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for this research analysis. The NHIS is conducted annually and is a multistage probability sample survey of the US civilian, non-institutionalized population. Basic demographic and health information was collected during an in-person interview. The Sample Child Core questionnaire obtained information on the health of one randomly selected child is provided by a knowledgeable adult (usually a parent or other legal guardian). The data that is collected from this questionnaire represented the primary source for the researchers analysis. The researchers used a sample of 87,578 children. More than 50% of children were white and were from families with a household income above the federal poverty level and maternal education beyond high school. Compared with children with birth weights of 3,500 – 3,999g, children in all birth weight categories less than 3,000g were more likely to have one or more developmental disabilities (3.4% – 1.2% vs 1.1%). Children in all birth weight categories less than 2,500g were more likely to have three or more DDs (2.6% – 6.5% vs 1.2%). In evaluating specific…